Ourselves in different languages

Ourselves in Different Languages

Discover 'Ourselves' in 134 Languages: Dive into Translations, Hear Pronunciations, and Uncover Cultural Insights.

Updated on March 6, 2024

The word 'ourselves' is a reflection of our identity, representing our individual and collective selves. It is a term that binds us together and allows us to express our connection to the world around us. The significance of 'ourselves' extends beyond language, as it is a concept that is deeply ingrained in our cultural and personal identities.

Throughout history, the word 'ourselves' has been used in various contexts, from literature to philosophy, to explore the complexities of human nature. From Shakespeare's famous soliloquy in Hamlet, where he contemplates the question of 'To be, or not to be: that is the question: / Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer / The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune, / Or to take Arms against a Sea of troubles, / And by opposing end them: to die, to sleep / No more; and by a sleep, to say we end / The Heartache, and the thousand Natural shocks / That Flesh is heir to?', to modern-day philosophical debates about self-awareness and consciousness, the word 'ourselves' continues to be a source of fascination and exploration.

Understanding the translation of 'ourselves' in different languages can provide valuable insights into the cultural nuances and unique perspectives of people around the world. Here are some sample translations of 'ourselves' in various languages:


Ourselves in Sub-Saharan African Languages

The Afrikaans word "onsself" is derived from the Old English word "usself", which originally meant "one's own self".
Amharicእኛ ራሳችን
As well as meaning "ourselves", "kanmu" can be "the same"}
Igboonwe anyị
The Igbo word
The word "Saina" in Malagasy can also mean "each other" or "one another".
Nyanja (Chichewa)tokha
The word "tokha" derives from the Proto-Bantu word "-toka" meaning "alone".
"Pachedu" is the possessive reciprocal form of the first-person plural pronoun "ti-."
"Nafteenna" can also mean "us" or "ourselves" and is derived from the Somali word "naf,
Sesothorona ka borona
In the Sesotho expression “rona ka borona”, the word “ka” means “like” instead of the more typical meaning of “and”.
Swahilisisi wenyewe
Sisi wenyewe can also mean "we ourselves" or "us ourselves" in Swahili.
The word 'thina' in Xhosa can also be used to emphasize a statement, indicate inclusivity, or refer to a collective entity.
Yorubaawa funra wa
"Awa funra wa" means "ourselves" in Yoruba, derived from the words "awa" (we) and "funra" (self).
Zulu "thina" is a possessive form of the pronoun "ithi" and can mean "us" in a reflexive sense.
Bambaraan yɛrɛw de ye
Ewemía ŋutɔwo
Lingalabiso moko
Lugandaffe kennyini
Sepedirena ka noši
Twi (Akan)yɛn ankasa

Ourselves in North African & Middle Eastern Languages

The singular form of “أنفسنا” is “نفس” which also means breath, soul, or personality.
The word "בְּעָצמֵנוּ" can also mean "in our essence" or "in our own being" in Hebrew.
Pashtoخپل ځان
The word “خپل ځان” in Pashto can also mean "alone" or "by oneself"
The singular form of “أنفسنا” is “نفس” which also means breath, soul, or personality.

Ourselves in Western European Languages

The word "vetveten" comes from the Proto-Albanian word *vetvetan, which also meant "our" or "we."
Basquegeure buruak
The Basque word "geure buruak" also means "our own" and can refer to something that belongs to the speaker or group.
Catalannosaltres mateixos
The term "nosaltres mateixos" is a Catalan reflexive pronoun, meaning "ourselves" and derived from the Latin word "nosmet ipsi".
In Old Croatian, "sebe" also meant "to".
Danishos selv
Os selv derives from the Old Norse
The Dutch word "onszelf" is a reflexive pronoun that can also mean "our own person" or "our own mind".
The term 'ourselves' also means 'we have done it by/to ourselves' or 'we, in our capacity' as a reflexive pronoun.
The word "nous-mêmes" in French also has the alternate meaning of "we".
The Frisian word "ússels" can also mean "ourselves" or "us".
Galiciannós mesmos
The Galician word "nós mesmos" can be used as an emphatic plural or as a reciprocal.
Germanuns selbst
The term 'uns selbst' is a dative reflexive pronoun used in formal contexts and is often interchangeable with the accusative form 'uns'.
Icelandicokkur sjálfum
Okkur sjálfum's original meaning was 'to each other', similar to the Swedish 'varandra'
Irishmuid féin
The word "muid féin" directly translates to "our selves" but it also carries the idea of being in control of one's own actions.
Italiannoi stessi
"Noi stessi" in Italian literally means "we ourselves", but it can also be used to refer to "our inner selves" or "our true selves."
Luxembourgisheis selwer
The word "eis selwer" is the reflexive pronoun "ourselves" in Luxembourgish, derived from the Old High German word "selb". It can also be used to refer to one's own person or group of people.
Malteselilna nfusna
The word 'lilna nfusna' comes from the Arabic 'li-anfusina' meaning 'to ourselves'.
Oss is the reflexive form of the Norwegian word for 'we' (vi).
Portuguese (Portugal, Brazil)nós mesmos
"Nós mesmos" is the accusative pronoun of the first person plural and is thus preceded by a verb.
Scots Gaelicsinn fhìn
The word "sinn fhìn" can imply both "we ourselves" and "ourselves alone" in Scots Gaelic.
Spanishnosotros mismos
The Spanish word "nosotros mismos" can also mean "by ourselves" or "on our own".
Swedishoss själva
The word "oss själva" can also be used to refer to a specific group of people, such as "the members of our family" or "the people in our community."
Welshein hunain
The word "ein hunain" also means "of our own" in Welsh, implying ownership or belonging.

Ourselves in Eastern European Languages

Belarusianмы самі
"Мы самі" means "we ourselves" in Belarusian and also "we are ourselves".
Bosnianmi sami
This word in Bosnian is a reflexive pronoun which may be used to express emphasis or reciprocity, not only referring to the subject of the sentence.
Bulgarianние самите
In Bulgarian, "ние самите" comes from the combination of the reflexive pronoun "ние" (we) and the word "сами" (self). Historically, it had an ethical meaning implying respect toward others.
Czech "sebe" has different meanings as a reflexive pronoun, personal pronoun, or noun.
The Estonian word "ise" means "self" and was originally derived from *isa (itself) in Proto-Finnic.
The word "itseämme" is the reflexive plural form of the Finnish word "itse" meaning "self". It is also used for emphasis like "the very same".
The word "minket" is also a shortened form of "mi magunkat," meaning "we ourselves."
Latvianmēs paši
'Mēs paši' is also a Latvian phrase meaning 'we ourselves'.
Lithuanianmes patys
The word "mes patys" in Lithuanian also means "my feet".
Macedonianние самите
In the Macedonian language,
Polishmy sami
The word "my sami" also means "us" and is used when the subject of the sentence is a group of which the speaker is a member.
Romaniannoi insine
The word "noi insine" in Romanian has an alternate meaning, "very close people; relatives".
Russianмы сами
The word "мы сами" in Russian can also refer to "we alone" or "we independently."
Serbianми сами
The word "ми сами" (pronounced "mee sah-mee") can also mean "we ourselves" or "us ourselves" in Serbian.
Slovaksami seba
The word "sami seba" has been used in Slovak for over 500 years, with the first known records dating back to the 15th century.
The word "sami" also means "alone" or "by oneself" in Slovenian, highlighting the concept of individuality within the collective.
Ukrainianми самі
"Ми самі" literally translates to "we ourselves", implying that an action is done without the need for external help.

Ourselves in South Asian Languages

The Bengali word for "ourselves" (আমাদের) originated from the same Sanskrit word as the Hindi word for "himself" (अपने).
The Gujarati word "જાતને" is derived from the Sanskrit word "ātman" meaning "self" and can also mean "one's own person" or "one's own self."
"हम" means both "ourselves" and "we" in Hindi, the former being a reflexive pronoun and the latter a personal pronoun.
The word "ನಾವೇ" can also mean "to us" or "by us" in Kannada.
The etymology of Malayalam word “സ്വയം” (“ourselves”) can be traced to the Sanskrit words “स्व” and “अयम्”, meaning self, and is often used to emphasize a sense of self or independence in a given context.
"स्वतःला" means "ourselves" in Marathi but it also means "naturally" or "automatically".
Nepaliहामी आफैं
The word "हामी आफैं" comes from the Sanskrit word "आत्मन्", which means "self" or "soul."
Punjabiਆਪਣੇ ਆਪ ਨੂੰ
Sinhala (Sinhalese)අපි
"අපි" can also mean "we" or "us" when used in a sentence that already establishes the meaning as plural.
The word 'நாமே' ('ourselves') is a compound word, derived from the words 'நாம்' ('we') and 'மே' ('self').
మనమే's alternate meaning is the 'Mind'.
The Persian word “خود” (“ourselves”) can also refer to “self” or “ego”.

Ourselves in East Asian Languages

Chinese (Simplified)我们自己
"我们自己"的字面意思为"我们的身体", 在古代也被用来指代"我们自己"这个概念.
Chinese (Traditional)我們自己
The characters themselves are pronounced separately, but when combined they take on the third person plural inclusive pronoun usage.
The second morpheme in '私たち自身' (じしん) can also mean 'truth', 'fact', or 'reality'
Korean우리 스스로
우리 스스로 can also mean "our nature" or "our identity".
Myanmar (Burmese)ကိုကို
The Burmese word "ကိုကို" ("ourselves") is derived from the Pali word "sakha" and the Sanskrit word "sakha", both meaning "friend".

Ourselves in South East Asian Languages

In Old Javanese, the term 'diri' has a broader meaning, encompassing the notion of 'self' and 'essence', and can also refer to the 'body'.
Javaneseawake dhewe
The word "awake dhewe" in Javanese also means "one's own property".
The Khmer word for “ourselves” is often used instead of a possessive pronoun and can also mean “our own” in other contexts
Malaydiri kita
Some Malay dictionaries describe the word "kita" as an abbreviation of "diri kita" (ourselves).
The word "ตัวเราเอง" can also mean "our own".
Vietnamesechính chúng ta
"Chính chúng ta" (meaning "ourselves") derives from "chúng ta" (meaning "we") and the possessive pronoun "của" (meaning "of") and is often used to emphasize the subject of a sentence.
Filipino (Tagalog)ating sarili

Ourselves in Central Asian Languages

The word "özümüz" in Azerbaijani also shares a root with the word "öz" meaning "essence" or "core".
The Kazakh word "өзіміз" originates from the root word "өз", meaning "self".
The Kyrgyz word "өзүбүз" ("ourselves") has alternate meanings such as "on our own" or "by ourselves".
The word "худамон" is derived from the Persian word "خودمان" (khudaman), meaning "ourselves" or "our own."
The word "o'zimiz" is derived from the Proto-Turkic word "*öz" meaning "self" and the suffix "-imiz" indicating the plural genitive form.

Ourselves in Pacific Languages

Hawaiiano makou iho
The Hawaiian word "o makou iho" can also refer to "our children" or "our descendants."
Maoriko taatau ano
The Māori word "ko taatau ano" can be literally translated as "of us all" and has the additional meaning of "our inner circle" or "our whānau" (family or extended family)
Samoantatou lava
The word "tatou" also means "our bodies" or "ourselves" in the physical sense.
Tagalog (Filipino)ang ating mga sarili

Ourselves in American Indigenous Languages

Aymarajiwasa pachpa

Ourselves in International Languages

Esperantoni mem
Ni mem is derived from the Latin words "nos" and "met" meaning "we" and "with" respectively.
Ipsi could mean both "we" or "they", and could be used as a reflexive pronoun.

Ourselves in Others Languages

Greekεμείς οι ίδιοι
The word "εμείς οι ίδιοι" can also mean "our very own" or "our own selves".
Hmongpeb tus kheej
Tus kheej, or 'peb tus kheej' in its full form, is also used to refer to a person's body.
Xwe comes from the Proto-Indo-European root '*swe', meaning 'oneself'.
"Kend" is an old Turkish word meaning "self" or "body" and "imiz" is a suffix meaning "our".
The word 'thina' in Xhosa can also be used to emphasize a statement, indicate inclusivity, or refer to a collective entity.
The Yiddish word "זיך" (zich) is derived from the Proto-Germanic word "*siki", meaning "oneself," and has a reflexive meaning.
Zulu "thina" is a possessive form of the pronoun "ithi" and can mean "us" in a reflexive sense.
Aymarajiwasa pachpa
Bhojpuriखुदे के बा
Dogriअपने आप गी
Filipino (Tagalog)ating sarili
Ilocanoti bagitayo
Kurdish (Sorani)خۆمان
Meiteilon (Manipuri)ꯑꯩꯈꯣꯌ ꯏꯁꯥꯃꯛ꯫
Mizokeimahni ngei pawhin
Oromoofii keenya
Odia (Oriya)ଆମେ ନିଜେ
Tsongahina hi hexe

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