Yourself in different languages

Yourself in Different Languages

Discover 'Yourself' in 134 Languages: Dive into Translations, Hear Pronunciations, and Uncover Cultural Insights.

Updated on March 6, 2024

The word 'yourself' is a common term used in many languages and cultures, referring to the person who is being addressed. It is a reflection of one's individuality and self-awareness, emphasizing the importance of understanding oneself in relation to others. The word 'yourself' has been used in literature, philosophy, and psychology to explore the depths of human consciousness and behavior.

Interestingly, the word 'yourself' has different translations in various languages, each with its unique cultural nuances and connotations. For instance, in Spanish, 'yourself' is 'ti mismo', while in French, it is 'toi-même'. In German, the word 'yourself' is 'dich selbst', and in Japanese, it is 'じselves' (jibun).

Understanding the translation of 'yourself' in different languages can provide valuable insights into the cultural perspectives and values of various societies. It can also help facilitate cross-cultural communication and foster a deeper appreciation for linguistic diversity.


Yourself in Sub-Saharan African Languages

Jouself means 'yourself' in Afrikaans and can also refer to a place, a person, or a thing.
"ራስህን" literally translates to "on your head", reflecting the concept of carrying or holding something on one's head, which is a common practice in Ethiopian culture.
The word "kanka" also means "partner" or "friend".
Igboonwe gị
The Igbo word "onwe gị" literally means "your own," highlighting the idea of ownership and self-identification.
Malagasyny tenanao
The Malagasy word "ny tenanao" has etymological links to the word "tena", which signifies the person as an individual.
Nyanja (Chichewa)wekha
Derived from Old Persian "wika," meaning "one's own," the word "wekha" can also refer to "belongings."
Shonaiwe pachako
The word "naftaada" is derived from the Arabic word "nafs" which means "self".
Swahiliwewe mwenyewe
The word 'wewe mwenyewe' in Swahili literally means 'you yourself' and is a reflexive pronoun used to emphasize the subject of a sentence.
In Xhosa, 'ngokwakho' can also mean 'of your own accord' or 'by yourself'.
The Yoruba word "funrararẹ" (yourself) is also used to address someone familiarly, as an informal and respectful way to address a peer or someone younger.
The Zulu word "wena" could be cognate to the Xhosa "wena," "mna," or "umntu," all meaning "person."
Bambarai yɛrɛ
Ewewò ŋutɔ
Kinyarwandawowe ubwawe
Lingalayo moko
Twi (Akan)wo ho

Yourself in North African & Middle Eastern Languages

نفسك derives from the root word ن ف س meaning “breath” or “self,” and can mean “being,” “essence,” “soul,” or “person.”
The word "עַצְמְךָ" ("yourself") in Hebrew stems from "עֶצֶם" (bone), indicating your inner being, or essence.
Pashtoخپل ځان
"خپل ځان" can also be used to refer to one's own mind, body, or soul.
نفسك derives from the root word ن ف س meaning “breath” or “self,” and can mean “being,” “essence,” “soul,” or “person.”

Yourself in Western European Languages

The verb është ('to be') is sometimes used as a possessive pronoun when combined with the reflexive pronoun vetë ('oneself'), but is then used as the third person possessive pronoun rather than second person as in English
Basquezeure burua
Zeure burua, meaning “yourself” in Basque, is composed of the words zeure (“your”) and burua (“head”).
Catalantu mateix
It can mean not only 'yourself' but also 'in person'
The word sami derives from the Proto-Slavic word *samъ, meaning 'alone'.
Danishdig selv
"Dig selv" in Danish literally means "you dig" or "you dig yourself" and shares the same etymology with "dig" meaning "ditch" and "dig" meaning "to move earth"}
The word "jezelf" in Dutch is derived from the Old Dutch "si selva", meaning "oneself".
The word "yourself" can also be used as a reflexive pronoun, meaning "the person speaking or being spoken to."
Frenchtoi même
The phrase "toi même" in French can also mean "me yourself" or "you yourself," depending on the context.
The word "dysels" in Frisian originally referred to the reflexive pronoun corresponding to "it", while "dy" referred to the "you" reflexive pronoun.
Galicianti mesmo
In addition to meaning "yourself," "ti mesmo" can also mean "the same" in Galician.
Germandu selber
In addition to meaning "yourself", "du selber" also means "you yourself", emphasizing the subject's personal involvement or autonomy.
The word "sjálfur" comes from the Proto-Norse "selbo" which also means "alone" or "by oneself".
Irishtú féin
The Irish word "tú féin" can also mean "you yourself", "in person", or "by yourself".
Italiante stesso
Te stesso is also an archaic Italian reflexive pronoun meaning "oneself".
Luxembourgish "selwer" also means "same" and is related to the English word "self".
Malteselilek innifsek
The word "lilek innifsek" can refer to the person being addressed when it is used without "inn" and the personal pronoun "lilek", and as a reflexive pronoun, it can refer to the subject of the verb.
Norwegiandeg selv
The word "deg selv" in Norwegian literally translates to "yourself self".
Portuguese (Portugal, Brazil)você mesmo
In Portuguese, "você mesmo/mesma" also means "me, myself and I" (as in a group), "yourself and your colleagues" (plural) or even "you" (informal second person singular).
Scots Gaelicthu fhèin
In Scots Gaelic, "thu fhèin" not only means "yourself," but also implies "your own person," emphasizing individuality and autonomy.
Spanishusted mismo
In Old Spanish, "usted mismo" meant "the actual you," not just "yourself" (compare with the Italian "voi stesso").
"Själv" also means "soul" or "mind" and comes from the Old Norse word "sjalfr, which means "self".
Welsheich hun
The word 'eich hun' literally means 'your own being', referring to the self as a complete entity.

Yourself in Eastern European Languages

The Belarusian word "сябе" ("yourself") has multiple meanings in other languages, including "myself" (Russian), "self" (German), and "self-esteem" (French).
The word 'sebe' in Bosnian also means 'self' as in 'self-confidence', 'self-esteem' and 'self-love'.
Bulgarianсебе си
The Bulgarian word "себе си" literally means "to, at, near oneself" and derives from the Old Slavic word "*se-bь-ě".
Czechvy sám
The word "vy sám" can also mean "you alone" or "you yourself".
The word "ise" in Estonian can also mean "same" or "self".
Finnishsinä itse
"Sinä itse" literally means "you yourself" or "yourself alone" in Finnish.
Hungariansaját magad
The word "saját magad" literally means "your own self" in Hungarian.
Sevi is a loanword from Old Prussian, and is cognate with Lithuanian sau, Russian себя, and Polish siebie.
The Lithuanian word "gelbėti" means "to save" in English, but can also mean "to rescue" or "to deliver".
Macedonianсебе си
The Macedonian word "себе си" can also be used in the sense of "himself" or "herself", especially when the subject of the sentence is implied or unknown.
"Siebie" in Polish can refer to oneself or one's possessions.
The word "tu" in Romanian is cognate with the French word "tu" (meaning "you") and the English word "thou" (archaic form of "you").
Russianсамим собой
The word «самим собой» in Russian can also mean «by oneself» in English, indicating a person acting alone.
The word "себе" in Serbian also means "to oneself" or "for oneself".
The word "seba" can also mean "one's own" or "in person" in Slovak.
"Sebe" can also mean "to oneself" or "in person".
In Ukrainian, "себе" ("sebe") also means "to oneself" and is used in the reflexive sense (e.g., "говорить себе" - "to talk to oneself").

Yourself in South Asian Languages

The word "নিজেকে" is a combination of three words in Bengali: নিজ ("own/self"), জি ("you"), and অ্য ("in the sense of/similar to").
The word "જાતે" can also mean "by itself" or "automatically" in Gujarati.
The word स्वयं is cognate to suus in Latin, αυτός in Greek, and sebh in Coptic: all these words, coming from Proto-Indo-European *sewe, mean “self.”
The term "ನೀವೇ" can also be used to address someone with respect, similar to the English "you".
Malayalamനിങ്ങൾ സ്വയം
Marathiतू स्वतः
The Marathi word "तू स्वतः" is sometimes used to emphasize the importance of self-reliance.
The word "आफैं" in Nepali can also mean "alone" or "independently".
Punjabiਆਪਣੇ ਆਪ ਨੂੰ
Sinhala (Sinhalese)ඔබම
The Sinhala word
"நீங்களே" is a reflexive pronoun in Tamil that can also mean "by yourself" or "on your own."
Urduاپنے آپ کو

Yourself in East Asian Languages

Chinese (Simplified)你自己
Chinese (Traditional)你自己
The Chinese term 「你自己」 literally translates to "you yourself" and emphasizes the subjective and independent nature of the action or state it refers to.
The word "あなた自身" can also mean "you" or "oneself" in Japanese.
Korean당신 자신
The Korean word "당신 자신" (dangshin jasin) can also mean "by yourself" or "on your own."
Өөрөө can also mean "alone" or "by oneself".
Myanmar (Burmese)သင်ကိုယ်တိုင်

Yourself in South East Asian Languages

Indonesiandirimu sendiri
"Dirimu sendiri" means "yourself" in Indonesian, but it literally means "your own self."
In Javanese,
The Khmer word 'ខ្លួនអ្នក' ('yourself') is derived from the Sanskrit word 'svayam' ('self') and can also mean 'in person' or 'personally'.
Malaydiri anda
While "diri anda" is the most common translation for "yourself", the word "diri" can also mean "body".
The word "ตัวคุณเอง" ("yourself") can also mean "your own body" or "your own person."
Vietnamesebản thân bạn
The Vietnamese word "bản thân bạn" can also mean "oneself" or "yourself".
Filipino (Tagalog)sarili mo

Yourself in Central Asian Languages

"Öz" in Azerbaijani goes back to the Old Turkic word "öz" meaning "self" and the Persian word "hun" meaning "own".
The Kazakh word "өзің" is a contraction of "өзіңіз" which can also mean "you" in a formal or polite way.
"Өзүң" means both "yourself" and third person singular present tense of the verb "to be" (a formal version of "болот") in Kyrgyz.
In Tajik, "худ" can also refer to a person's appearance or physical condition, and is related to the Persian word "khud" meaning "self" or "person"
"Özingiz" (yourself) comes from the Persian word "خود" (self). It can also refer to "your own" or "alone".

Yourself in Pacific Languages

Hawaiianʻo ʻoe iho
ʻO ʻoe iho literally means "your own self" and is used in Hawaiian to indicate that something is done by the person himself or herself.
In Māori, “koe” can also mean “you” or “your” when used in certain contexts.
Samoanoe lava
In Samoan, "oe lava" is a term of endearment and can also refer to a close friend or beloved.
Tagalog (Filipino)ang sarili mo
Ang sarili mo', which literally means 'your self', can also refer to 'one's own' or 'by oneself' in Tagalog.

Yourself in American Indigenous Languages


Yourself in International Languages

Esperantovi mem
The Esperanto word "vi mem" can also mean "yourself" in the sense of "your own person" or "your true self."
The word "ipsum" in Latin also means "selfsame" or "very same".

Yourself in Others Languages

Greekο ίδιος
The Greek word "ο ίδιος" also means "the same" and has the same Indo-European root as the English word "identity."
Hmongkoj tus kheej
The word "koj tus kheej" can also mean "one's own people" or "one's own group."
The word "xwe" in Kurdish can also mean "self", "ego", or "soul."
The word 'kendin' comes from the Persian word 'khwod' meaning 'self'. In some dialects of Turkish, it can also be used to mean 'himself', 'herself', 'itself', or 'themselves'.
In Xhosa, 'ngokwakho' can also mean 'of your own accord' or 'by yourself'.
In Yiddish, "זיך" (zikh) can also refer to "one's mind" or "one's inner self"
The Zulu word "wena" could be cognate to the Xhosa "wena," "mna," or "umntu," all meaning "person."
Assameseআপুনি নিজেই
Bhojpuriरऊआ खुद
Filipino (Tagalog)sarili mo
Kurdish (Sorani)خۆت
Maithiliअपने सँ
Meiteilon (Manipuri)ꯅꯁꯥꯃꯛ
Odia (Oriya)ନିଜେ

Click on a letter to browse words starting with that letter