Retire in different languages

Retire in Different Languages

Discover 'Retire' in 134 Languages: Dive into Translations, Hear Pronunciations, and Uncover Cultural Insights.

Updated on March 6, 2024

Retiring is a significant life milestone that signifies the end of one's career and the beginning of a new chapter. The word 'retire' holds cultural importance across the globe, symbolizing the respect and admiration earned by individuals who have dedicated a significant portion of their lives to their professions. As the global population ages, the concept of retirement has taken on new dimensions, with many people redefining what it means to retire and explore new passions and pursuits.

Understanding the translation of 'retire' in different languages can provide valuable insights into how other cultures view this important life transition. For example, in Spanish, 'retire' translates to 'jubilarse,' which comes from the word 'jubilo,' meaning joy. In French, 'retire' becomes 'prendre sa retraite,' which literally means 'to take one's retirement.' Meanwhile, in Japanese, 'retire' is translated as '引退する' (inki suru), which conveys a sense of stepping back or withdrawing from one's career.

In this article, we explore the translations of 'retire' in 10 different languages, shedding light on the cultural significance of this important life transition and providing a glimpse into how people around the world view the concept of retirement.


Retire in Sub-Saharan African Languages

The Afrikaans word "aftree" has similar roots to the English word "to retire" and also means "to step down or resign from a position"}
Amharicጡረታ መውጣት
The word ጡረታ መውጣት is derived from the verb ጡረ (to grow old) and means 'to become old' or 'to retire'.
Hausaja da baya
The Hausa word "ja da baya" also means "to retreat" or "to fall back".
Igboịla ezumike nká
The Igbo word "ịla ezumike ụka" literally translates to "enter rest week," and was historically used for both retirement and religious sabbaticals
Malagasymisotro ronono
The word "misotro ronono" means "to retire" in Malagasy, and it is derived from the French word "retraite," which means "retirement."
Nyanja (Chichewa)kusiya ntchito
The word "kusiya ntchito" in Nyanja (Chichewa) literally means "to leave work" and can also be used figuratively to mean "to quit" or "to give up".
Shona kurega (retire) is related to kora (go) with the applied suffix of -rega which implies "to stop going, to settle"
The Somali word "hawlgab" also means "pensioner".
Sesothotlohela mosebetsi
In Sesotho "tlohela mosebetsi" also means "to get off work", "to stop working", or "to leave work".
The word "kustaafu" is derived from the Arabic word "istiwafa", meaning "to complete a task" or "to conclude a matter".
Xhosauthathe umhlalaphantsi
The word "uthathe umhlalaphantsi" literally translates to "take off the back", referencing the act of a rider dismounting from a horse or ox.
Yorubaifẹhinti lẹnu iṣẹ
The Yoruba phrase 'ifẹhinti lẹnu iṣẹ' literally means 'turn your back on work' or 'give your back to work,' highlighting the sense of relinquishing responsibility and stepping away from active employment.
Zuluuthathe umhlalaphansi
The term derives from the Zulu idiom “ukuthatha umhlalaphansi”, meaning “to sit in the shade” and referring to the act of retiring or taking a break from work.
Bambaralafiɲɛbɔ kɛ
Kinyarwandaikiruhuko cy'izabukuru
Lingalakozwa pansiɔ
Sepedirola modiro
Twi (Akan)kɔ pɛnhyen

Retire in North African & Middle Eastern Languages

The Arabic word "التقاعد" derives from the root "قعَدَ" meaning "to sit", denoting the state of ceasing active work due to age or other reasons.
The Hebrew word "לִפְרוֹשׁ" also means "to separate" or "to move away", and is related to the word "פָּרוּשׁ" (commentary) because it denotes the act of "separating" the literal meaning of a text from its hidden or deeper meaning.
The Pashto word تقاعد ('retire') is derived from the Arabic word 'taqāʿud' meaning 'mutual withdrawal' or 'to refrain from something'.
The Arabic word "التقاعد" derives from the root "قعَدَ" meaning "to sit", denoting the state of ceasing active work due to age or other reasons.

Retire in Western European Languages

Albaniandal në pension
The verb 'dal në pension' literally translates to 'go into pension', indicating the status of being on a pension rather than the act of retiring.
The word "erretiratu" is derived from the Latin word "retrahere," meaning "to draw back."
The modern Catalan verb "jubilar-se" derives from the Latin verb "iubilare" (to shout for joy) and "iubilum" (joyful noise).
Croatianpovući se
The word `povući se` also signifies `retreat`, `withdrawal`, `resignation`, or `departure` depending on context.
Danishgå på pension
The Danish verb “gå på pension” literally translates to “walk on pension”.
Dutchmet pensioen gaan
A literal translation of 'met pensioen gaan' is 'go with pension', reflecting the fact that the pension used to be paid out as a sum rather than a monthly allowance.
In the 14th century, "retire" meant to withdraw into privacy, while in the 17th century, it came to mean withdrawing from work.
Frenchse retirer
"Se retirer" (to retire) also means 'to withdraw' or 'to retreat' in French.
The word "weromlûke" is derived from the Old Saxon word "weromlôkian", meaning "to turn around".
The term "xubilarse" in Galician originates from the Latin word "iubilare," meaning "to shout joyfully".
Germanin den ruhestand gehen
The German word "Ruhestand" literally translates to "state of rest" and refers to the period of life after active employment.
Icelandicláta af störfum
The term "láta af störfum" literally translates to "to rest from works".
Irishar scor
The word "ar scor" can also refer to the practice of "scoring" or marking up the body of a saint or other holy person.
Italianandare in pensione
"Andare in pensione" also means "to go to the boarding house".
Luxembourgishan d'pensioun goen
This verb is composed of d' (shortened from do) which means 'to make' and pensioun which means 'pension'. To 'go to your pension' thus means to 'make your pension' or 'do your pension'.
"Tirtira" can also mean "to go to bed" in Maltese.
The Norwegian word pensjonere derives from the Latin word 'pensio', meaning payment.
Portuguese (Portugal, Brazil)se aposentar
The verb "se aposentar" in Portuguese means both "to retire from work" and "to settle down in a place".
Scots Gaeliccluaineas
Cluaineas, meaning "to retire," derives from an older term meaning "meadow" or "secluded place."
'Retirarse' also means 'to draw back' in the sense of moving one's army back.
In some formal contexts, "avgå" can also mean to resign from a position or office.
The etymology of 'ymddeol' is unclear, but its literal meaning is 'to go into obscurity'. It also has the alternate meaning of 'to take off (e.g. clothes)'.

Retire in Eastern European Languages

Belarusianна пенсію
The verb "на пенсію" can also mean "to retire from work or activity".
Bosnianpovući se
The word "povući se" in Bosnian has Indo-European roots shared with the English word "reduce".
"Пенсионирам" derives from the French word "pension", which originally meant "a sum of money (especially to someone in retirement)."
"Odejit" originated from the Old Czech word "oděti," meaning "to clothe oneself," and later evolved to mean "to leave," including the specific sense of "to retire from a job."
Estonianpensionile minema
The word "pensionile minema" is derived from the French word "pension", meaning "a sum of money paid regularly to a person who has retired from work."
Finnishjäädä eläkkeelle
The verb "jäädä eläkkeelle" literally means "to stay on pension," reflecting the idea of continuing to receive a regular income after leaving employment.
"Visszavonul" means "withdraw, retreat, go back" in Hungarian, but in most cases, it's used as "retire". This latter meaning comes from the fact that soldiers who retired from military service were withdrawn from active duty."
Latvianaiziet pensijā
The phrase "aiziet pensijā" in Latvian literally translates to "go to a pension," where "aiziet" means "to leave" and "pensijā" means "in a pension."
Lithuanianišeiti į pensiją
The verb "išeiti į pensiją" originates from the noun "pensija", which derives from the Latin "pensio" meaning "payment" or "salary".
Macedonianсе повлече
The verb "се повлече" can also mean to withdraw, retreat, or to decline.
Polishprzejść na emeryturę
The Polish verb "przejść na emeryturę" can also mean "to transition to a lower level of employment".
'Retrage' is originally derived from Latin word ''retrahere'', which translates to ''retire'' or ''withdraw'''.
Russianуходить в отставку
В русском языке «уходить в отставку» также может означать «покидать свой пост».
The word "пензионисати" (retire) in Serbian is derived from the Latin word "pensio" (payment) and originally meant "to go on a pension".
Slovakodísť do dôchodku
The Slovak word "odísť do dôchodku" literally means "to go into debt" or "to go into rest".
The verb 'upokojiti' originally meant 'to put to rest' or 'to console', reflecting the notion of retirement as a time of peaceful respite.
Ukrainianвийти на пенсію
The word 'вийти на пенсію' is derived from the Old Church Slavonic word 'пенсион', meaning 'rest' or 'ease'.

Retire in South Asian Languages

The word অবসর in Bengali can also mean leisure time or a state of inactivity.
The word "નિવૃત્ત" in Gujarati can also mean "retired from active work" or, metaphorically "having withdrawn from public life".
The word "रिटायर" comes from Old French and means to withdraw from circulation, and also to retreat or fall back.
The word "ನಿವೃತ್ತಿ" (retire) in Kannada also means "the state of being free from work or duty".
The Marathi word निवृत्त 'nivrutt' literally means 'cessation', and can also mean 'renunciation' or the 'absence of desire'.
The Nepali word 'रिटायर' ('retire') originates from the English word, originally meaning to withdraw or retreat.
The word 'ਰਿਟਾਇਰ' is derived from the Old French word 'retirer', meaning 'to withdraw' or 'to retreat'.
Sinhala (Sinhalese)විශ්‍රාම යන්න
The Tamil word "ஓய்வு" can also refer to rest, relaxation, or leisure time
Teluguపదవీ విరమణ
This word can be broken down into పదవి (position) and విరమణ (cessation), together indicating the end of a position.
Urduریٹائر ہونا

Retire in East Asian Languages

Chinese (Simplified)退休
退休, composed of 退 and 休, means to step back to relax and rest, which is the original meaning of retire in English, to withdraw from one’s occupation or active working life.
Chinese (Traditional)退休
"退休" literally refers to the "withdrawal of a recluse."
引退 literally means 'withdrawn from the world' and is often used in the sense of 'renunciation'.
The word 은퇴하다 (euntoehada) is derived from the Chinese word 隱退 (yǐntuì), which means to withdraw from society.
Mongolianтэтгэвэрт гарах
Myanmar (Burmese)အနားယူသည်

Retire in South East Asian Languages

"Mundur" is a homonym of the Indonesian word for "step back" and "retreat".
The Javanese term 'pensiun' is also used colloquially to describe the process of withdrawing from social activities in old age.
The word "ລາອອກ" in Lao can also refer to the act of leaving a job or position without intending to return.
The word "bersara" is derived from the Sanskrit word "sara" meaning "to go". It also has the alternate meaning of "to take a break".
In India, the word "retire" is often used as a euphemism for "relieve from duty", as the official retirement age is 60 for government employees and 58 for others.
Vietnamesevề hưu
The Sino-Vietnamese word "về hưu" (retire) literally means "return home to grow old"
Filipino (Tagalog)magretiro

Retire in Central Asian Languages

Azerbaijanitəqaüdə çıxmaq
Kazakhзейнетке шығу
Kyrgyzпенсияга чыгуу
The word "истеъфо" can also mean "to resign" or "to quit" in Tajik.
Turkmenpensiýa çykmak
The Uzbek word "nafaqaga" also refers to a type of religious tax for the poor.
Uyghurپېنسىيەگە چىقىش

Retire in Pacific Languages

"Hoʻomaha" can also mean to relax, rest, or take a break.
The word "reti" initially meant "to fall asleep" before later coming to mean "to retire".
The word 'litaea' also means 'to go to bed' or 'to sleep' in Samoan.
Tagalog (Filipino)magretiro
The word 'magretiro' can also mean 'to retreat' or 'to withdraw'}

Retire in American Indigenous Languages

Aymarajubilacionanak luraña
Guaraniojejubila haguã

Retire in International Languages

The verb "retiriĝi" can alternatively convey "withdraw", "retreat", or "take oneself from".
"Se se" is a contraction of "si se", or "if one is".

Retire in Others Languages

"αποσύρω" is literally "withdraw myself" and can also mean "retreat" or "withdraw" in a military context.
Hmongso num lawm
The Hmong word "so num lawm" (retire) is a compound word that literally translates to "rest one's body and bones."
Kurdishxwe bişûndekişandin
Turkishemekli olmak
The word "emekli olmak" has its roots in the Arabic word "imkân" meaning "ability" or "means".
Xhosauthathe umhlalaphantsi
The word "uthathe umhlalaphantsi" literally translates to "take off the back", referencing the act of a rider dismounting from a horse or ox.
Yiddishצוריקציענ זיך
The Yiddish word "צוריקציענ זיך" comes from the German word "zurücktreten"," which also means "to step back" or "to resign".}
Zuluuthathe umhlalaphansi
The term derives from the Zulu idiom “ukuthatha umhlalaphansi”, meaning “to sit in the shade” and referring to the act of retiring or taking a break from work.
Assameseঅৱসৰ লোৱা
Aymarajubilacionanak luraña
Bhojpuriरिटायर हो गइल बानी
Dhivehiރިޓަޔާ ކުރާށެވެ
Dogriरिटायर हो जाओ
Filipino (Tagalog)magretiro
Guaraniojejubila haguã
Kurdish (Sorani)خانەنشین
Maithiliरिटायर भ जाउ
Meiteilon (Manipuri)ꯔꯤꯇꯥꯌꯥꯔ ꯇꯧꯕꯥ꯫
Mizopension a ni ang
Oromosoorama ba’uu
Odia (Oriya)ଅବସର
Sanskritनिवृत्त हो
Tigrinyaጡረታ ይወጹ
Tsongaku huma penceni

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