Anyone in different languages

Anyone in Different Languages

Discover 'Anyone' in 134 Languages: Dive into Translations, Hear Pronunciations, and Uncover Cultural Insights.

Updated on March 6, 2024

The word 'anyone' is a small but powerful term that has made a significant impact on the English language and culture. It is a pronoun that refers to an individual without specifying their identity, allowing for inclusivity and anonymity in various contexts. This quality has made 'anyone' a crucial element in literature, music, and everyday conversations, as it enables us to express universal feelings and experiences.

Interestingly, the concept of 'anyone' is not exclusive to English-speaking cultures. In fact, many languages around the world have their own unique ways of expressing this idea. Understanding these translations can provide valuable insights into different cultures and their ways of communicating. For instance, in Spanish, 'anyone' translates to 'alguien,' while in French, it becomes 'quelqu'un.' In German, the word is 'jemand,' and in Japanese, it is '誰か (dareka).'

Exploring the various translations of 'anyone' is not only a fascinating linguistic journey but also an opportunity to appreciate the rich cultural diversity that exists around the globe.


Anyone in Sub-Saharan African Languages

The word 'enigiemand' is derived from the Dutch 'een ieder', which also means 'anyone'. It is used colloquially, mostly to emphasize that a certain action applies to all people, regardless of their characteristics, gender, age, etc.
Amharicማንኛውም ሰው
The word "ማንኛውም ሰው" can also mean "whoever" or "anybody" in Amharic.
"Kowa" can also be used to mean someone's property or possessions.
Igboonye obula
The word 'onye obula' literally translates to 'a person who is all', implying that the person is everywhere.
Malagasyna iza na iza
Its etymology is unknown, but the reduplication of "iza" probably emphasizes the universality of the concept.
Nyanja (Chichewa)aliyense
The word "aliyense" can also mean "everyone" or "all people" in Nyanja.
Shonachero munhu
The Shona word "chero munhu" literally means "all people" and can also mean "everyone" or "whoever."
The word "qofna" can also be understood as "one person" and "someone" in Somali.
Sesothomang kapa mang
'Mang kapa mang' is said to originate from a saying that goes: 'Mang kapa mang o ka fela a ntse a bua lemang' (Whoever is talking to 'anyone' will eventually get tired and stop talking).
The word "yeyote" can also mean "everyone" or "all."
Xhosanabani na
The term "nabani na" can also refer to a specific person or thing, depending on the context.
Ẹnikẹ́ní, meaning “anyone,” comes from the Yoruba word ẹ̀ni, “person,” and the Yoruba word kẹ́ní, “belonging to.”
Zulunoma ngubani
The word 'noma ngubani' can also mean 'whoever it may concern' in Zulu.
Bambaramɔgɔ o mɔgɔ
Eweame sia ame
Kinyarwandaumuntu uwo ari we wese
Lingalamoto nyonso
Lugandaomuntu yenna
Sepedimang le mang
Twi (Akan)obiara

Anyone in North African & Middle Eastern Languages

Arabicأي واحد
The Arabic word "أي واحد" can also mean "whatever" or "whichever".
Hebrewכֹּל אֶחָד
The Hebrew phrase "כל אחד" literally means "every one" and can also refer to a specific person.
Pashtoهر یو
The Pashto word "هر یو" also means "everyone" and is derived from the Persian word "هر کس" (har kas).
Arabicأي واحد
The Arabic word "أي واحد" can also mean "whatever" or "whichever".

Anyone in Western European Languages

Çdokush derives from the Albanian words "çdo" (each) and "kush" (who) and has the broader sense of "everyone".
The word "edonor" can also mean "whoever" or "whomever" in Basque.
The word "ningú" is based on the Latin phrase "nec ūnum" meaning "not even one".
Croatianbilo tko
The word "bilo tko" derives from the Proto-Slavic root "tъ", meaning "who". It can also mean "somebody" or "some person".
Danishnogen som helst
The word "nogen som helst" in Danish is derived from the old Norse word "nokkurr", meaning "some" or "a few", and the word "som helst", meaning "at all" or "whatever".
The Old Dutch "iede" meant "every" or "whole".
The word "anyone" originally meant "all" but acquired its current meaning by the 12th century.
Frenchn'importe qui
"N'importe qui" literally means "not important who" in French.
The word "elkenien" in Frisian is derived from the Old Frisian word "elck", meaning "each" or "every", and the suffix "-enien", which indicates a plurality.
The word "calquera" comes from the Latin "qualicumque", meaning "of any kind or character".
The word "jemand" derives from Old High German "ieman" meaning "no man" or "not a man", thus it originally meant "an unknown person".
In Old Norse, the word "einhver" also meant "somebody" or "someone"
The Irish word "éinne" can also refer to a particular person, or to people in general
The Italian word "chiunque" originally meant "whoever" and was used in a legal context.
In other Germanic languages, such as German or Yiddish, the word "irgend" is still used as an intensifier that adds emphasis to statements.
Maltesexi ħadd
The word "xi ħadd" can also be used to refer to a person who is unknown or anonymous.
Norwegianhvem som helst
The Norwegian word "hvem som helst" can also mean "anybody else".
Portuguese (Portugal, Brazil)alguém
The word "alguém" derives from Arabic "الغُلام" (al-ǵulām), meaning "young servant".
Scots Gaelicduine sam bith
The Gaelic word "duine sam bith" literally means "a person of any kind".
The word "nadie" in Spanish is derived from the Latin word "natus" meaning "born" and originally meant "no one who is born".
In some Swedish dialects, "någon" can also mean "the devil".
Welshunrhyw un
The word "unrhyw un" originates from "rhyw un," with "un" meaning "a" and "rhyw" being a general term meaning "some" or "a sort of."

Anyone in Eastern European Languages

Belarusianхто заўгодна
The word "хто заўгодна" is derived from the Proto-Slavic root *xotъ, meaning "anyone, anyone at all."
Bosnianbilo ko
The word 'bilo ko' is a contraction of the phrase 'bilo ko god', which means 'anybody who'.
The word "някой" can also mean "some," "a certain," or "an indefinite person."
"Kdokoliv" is a compound word formed by combining the relative pronoun "kdo" ("who") with the indefinite pronoun "koliv" ("anyone").
The word "kedagi" is derived from the Proto-Finnic word *kēd- meaning "individual, person, someone".
"Kenellekään" is a contracted form of "kenen\/kellekään" (to anyone), which in turn consists of the genitive and adessive forms of the interrogative pronoun "kuka" (who).
The word "bárki" comes from the Turkic word "bari" meaning "peace" or "harmony" and suggests that everyone has the right to live in peace and harmony.
The word “kāds” is derived from the Old Latvian word “kad,” meaning “one.” The genitive case of “kad” is “kada,” and its plural is “kādi,” meaning “some” or “several.”
Lithuanianbet kas
The word "bet kas" in Lithuanian is derived from the Old Prussian word "betkas", meaning "the one who is near" or "the neighbor".
Macedonianкој било
The word "кој било" is a compound of the interrogative pronouns "кој" (who) and "било" (any), and can also mean "anybody", "whoever", or "no matter who".
The Polish word "ktoś" is thought to derive from an Old Slavic root meaning "who," and is commonly translated as "someone" or "anybody."
The word comes from the Hungarian
Russianкто угодно
Originally, "кто угодно" meant "whom God wishes," from the Old Church Slavonic "угодникъ" (a favorite of God).
Serbianбило ко
The word "било ко" is derived from the phrase "било ко то" meaning "anyone who".
'Ktokoľvek' is a compound of 'kto' ('who') and the indefinite pronoun '-koľvek'
Derived from Old Slavic *kъtokori, it initially meant 'at any moment'. Today, the word is mostly used in negative clauses and questions.
The word "будь-хто" is derived from the Proto-Slavic word "*bъdě" and the reflexive particle "*sę". It can also mean "some" or "any".

Anyone in South Asian Languages

Bengaliযে কেউ
ওয়ার্ড 'যে কেউ' ('anyone') সর্বনাম 'যে ('who') এবং অনির্দিষ্ট নির্দেশক 'কেউ' ('one') জুড়ে তৈরি।
Gujaratiકોઈ પણ
The Gujarati word "કોઈ પણ" can also be used to mean "without any hesitation" or "without any doubt".
Hindiकिसी को
"किसी को" is an indefinite pronoun in Hindi, derived from the Sanskrit word "कश्चित्" meaning "someone".
The word "ആർക്കും" literally means "everyone" or "anybody" in Malayalam, but it is also used in sentences to indicate an individual or group that is not specified.
The Marathi word "कोणीही" ("anyone") stems from "कोण" ("who") with the suffix "-ही" ("any") added.
Nepaliजो कोही
The Nepali word "जो कोही" (anyone) is used in both formal and informal contexts, and can also mean "whoever" or "any one particular individual".
Punjabiਕੋਈ ਵੀ
ਕੋਈ ਵੀ is derived from the Persian word 'kōʾī' meaning 'some', but in Punjabi, it refers to 'any'.
Sinhala (Sinhalese)ඕනෑම කෙනෙකුට
"யாராவது" is often used in the sense of "one of a group" or "a certain person".
The word "ఎవరైనా" can also mean "somebody" or "someone" in Telugu.
The word "کوئی" can also mean "a little" or "some" in Urdu.

Anyone in East Asian Languages

Chinese (Simplified)任何人
The Chinese word 任何人 is a compound of 人 (person) and 何 (what), which means “whatever person”.
Chinese (Traditional)任何人
任何人 can also mean any people in Mandarin, or all people.
The word "誰でも" (dare demo) in Japanese literally means "whoever comes," implying that it includes everyone without exception.
The word '누군가' literally translates to 'a body', and can sometimes be used in that sense too.
Mongolianхэн ч байсан
The word "хэн ч байсан" in Mongolian can also refer to "whoever" or "whomever".
Myanmar (Burmese)ဘယ်သူမဆို

Anyone in South East Asian Languages

Indonesiansiapa saja
In Indonesian, siapa saja can also refer to 'everybody' or 'all people'.
Javanesesopo wae
The word 'sopo wae' in Javanese is a contraction of the phrase 'sopo-sopo wae', which means 'whoever'.
The word "នរណាម្នាក់" in Khmer has a literal meaning of "a person who has a name" or "a certain person".
In Lao, "ໃຜ" is also used as an indirect question word, equivalent to "who" or "whom" in English.
The word "sesiapa" is derived from the Proto-Malayic word "sesiapa" or "sesape", meaning "anybody".
The Thai word "ใครก็ได้" is derived from Sanskrit "kaści api", meaning "some person" or "someone"
Vietnamesebất kỳ ai
In the Vietnamese language, "bất kỳ ai" is a word compound and is composed of two words, "bất kỳ" and "ai."
Filipino (Tagalog)sinuman

Anyone in Central Asian Languages

Azerbaijanihər kəs
The word "hər kəs" in Azerbaijani is derived from the Persian word "har kas", meaning "each one" or "everyone".
Kazakhкез келген
The word "кез келген" also means "various" or "all kinds of" in Kazakh.
Kyrgyzкимдир бирөө
The word касе (kasә) also means 'person' in the sense of 'a human being'.
Turkmenher kim
Uzbekhar kim
The word "har kim" in Uzbek is derived from the Persian phrase "har kasi", which also means "anyone".
Uyghurھەر قانداق ئادەم

Anyone in Pacific Languages

Some suggest that the Hawaiian word kekahi derives from the Proto-Malayo-Polynesian word *isah which means 'one' or 'other'.
The word 'tetahi' can also mean 'a certain' or 'some'.
Samoansoʻo seisi
In the formal register, the expression translates literally as "that which stands before" (se'e = to stand; isi = before).
Tagalog (Filipino)sinuman
"Sinuman" derives from the root word "sino" (who) and the suffix "-man" (whoever), denoting an indefinite and inclusive nature.

Anyone in American Indigenous Languages


Anyone in International Languages

Esperantoiu ajn
'Ju ajn' as a compound word, 'ju' (relative pronoun 'who') + 'ajn' ('single'), literally translates as 'who-single' or 'any single person'.
The Latin word "aliquis" is traditionally glossed as "someone" or "anyone" but more precisely means "a certain one," especially an unknown or unnamed one.

Anyone in Others Languages

Greekο καθενας
Ο καθενας can also mean "each" or "every".
Hmongleej twg
The word "leej twg" can also mean "person" or "people" in Hmong.
Kurdishher kes
The origin of the word “her kes” is Persian, with “her” being derived from the Persian word “har” (each, every) and “kes” being the Persian word for person (kas).
'Kimse' also means 'nobody' in Turkish, which is a unique distinction that English does not have.
Xhosanabani na
The term "nabani na" can also refer to a specific person or thing, depending on the context.
Yiddishווער עס יז
ווער עס יז may be related to the Yiddish word עסן 'essen', with the additional -wer suggesting 'the one who eats' (anything).
Zulunoma ngubani
The word 'noma ngubani' can also mean 'whoever it may concern' in Zulu.
Assameseকোনো এজনে
Bhojpuriकेहू भी
Dhivehiއެއްވެސް މީހަކު
Dogriकोई बी
Filipino (Tagalog)sinuman
Ilocanoasinno man
Kurdish (Sorani)هەر کەسێک
Meiteilon (Manipuri)ꯃꯤꯑꯣꯏ ꯑꯃꯍꯦꯛꯇ
Odia (Oriya)ଯେକେହି
Tatarтеләсә кем
Tsongamani na mani

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