Including in different languages

Including in Different Languages

Discover 'Including' in 134 Languages: Dive into Translations, Hear Pronunciations, and Uncover Cultural Insights.

Updated on March 6, 2024

The word 'including' is a small but powerful term that means 'comprising or encompassing a particular thing or things in addition to any already mentioned.' It's a word that signifies breadth, scope, and comprehensiveness. Including is a concept that transcends cultures and languages, and it's essential to understand its meaning and significance in different contexts.

Intriguingly, the word 'including' has roots in the Latin word 'includere,' which means 'to shut in, enclose.' This historical context highlights the idea that 'including' is about creating a boundary or limit that encompasses a range of things. Understanding this concept can help us appreciate the importance of inclusivity and diversity in our globalized world.

If you're interested in language and culture, you might want to know the translation of 'including' in different languages. Here are some examples:

  • French: 'y compris'
  • Spanish: 'incluyendo'
  • German: 'einschließlich'
  • Mandarin: '包括' (bāo kuò)
  • Japanese: '含む' (fumanu)


Including in Sub-Saharan African Languages

The Afrikaans word “insluitend” is derived from the Dutch word “insluitend”, which also means “including”.
ጨምሮ can also mean 'with' and can be used as a preposition.
Hausaciki har da
In Hausa, "ciki har da" is derived from "ciki" (inside) and "har" (together with), and can also mean "along with" or "in addition to."
Igbona nsonye
"Na nsonye" can also mean "by the way" or "incidentally" in Igbo.
Malagasyanisan'izany ny
In its original form (anisan'izany), the Malagasy word for "including" has the literal meaning of "this thing/person and such".
Nyanja (Chichewa)kuphatikizapo
The word "kuphatikizapo" is derived from the verb "kuphatika" (to include) and the suffix "-apo" (together with).
"Kusanganisira" originally meant "to add" in Shona, but now means "to include".
Somalioo ay ka mid yihiin
"Ooa ayak mid yahiin" is a borrowing of a Swahili expression that can be literally translated into English as "amongst the one who was".
Sesothoho kenyeletsa
The word "ho kenyeletsa" is an infinitive in Sesotho meaning "to include, put together"}
Swahiliikiwa ni pamoja na
The word "ikiwa ni pamoja na" in Swahili can also mean "in addition to" or "along with".
"Kubandakanya" means "including" but it literally means "to pick something up to carry with you."
Pẹlu is thought to have been borrowed into Yoruba from the Igbo language, where it means "to follow".
Zulukufaka phakathi
"kufaka phakathi" comes from the verbs "faka" (put) and "phakathi" (middle), referring to the idea of adding something in the middle of a list or group.
Bambarai n'a fɔ
Ewesi ha le eme
Lingalaata mpe
Sepedigo akaretša
Twi (Akan)a ɛka ho

Including in North African & Middle Eastern Languages

Arabicبما فيها
The word "بما فيها" is sometimes used in Arabic to mean "that is" or "namely".
The Hebrew word לרבות comes from the root ר-ב-ה, meaning "to increase" or "to multiply".
Pashtoپه ګډون
په ګډون also means “and, also, with” and is often used at the end of phrases to include an unspecified number of similar items
Arabicبما فيها
The word "بما فيها" is sometimes used in Arabic to mean "that is" or "namely".

Including in Western European Languages

The word "përfshirë" is derived from the verb "përfshin" (to include), which itself comes from the Proto-Indo-European root "*bʰer-" (to bear, carry).
In Old Basque, the word “barne” also meant “in” and “to”.
The word "inclòs" in Catalan can also mean "enclosed" or "implied".
The word 'uključujući' is derived from the Proto-Slavic word *vъključiti, which also means 'to lock' or 'to imprison'.
The word "inklusiv" can also mean "inclusive of all" or "comprehensive".
'Inclusief' is derived from the French word 'inclusif', which means 'enclosing' or 'comprehensive'.
In Old French, “enclorre” originally meant literally “to lock inside” as well as figuratively “to shut in” or to “include.”
The word "comprenant" is also used in French to denote understanding or comprehending.
The Frisian word "ynklusyf" is based on the Latin word "inclusive" and also means encompassing, or enclosing (in an outer boundary).
Galician incluíndo derives from the Spanish incluir, which goes back to Latin includere, from in- "in" and claudere "to close".
The German word "einschließlich" (including) is derived from "ein" (in or within) and "schließen" (to close), indicating something is enclosed or incorporated within something else.
Icelandicþar á meðal
The Icelandic word "þar á meðal" also means "among other things" and is composed of the words "þar" (meaning "there"), "á" (meaning "on or upon"), and "meðal" (meaning "middle").
Irishsan áireamh
The Irish for “including” is “san áireamh,” which means “without numbering.”
Compreso, from Latin 'comprehendo' ('to contain, include, understand'), also means 'understood' or 'included, contained' as an adjective in Italian.
The word 'abegraff' originates from the German word 'inbegriff' which means 'in concept of'. In French, the word is still used as 'en begriffe' with the same meaning.
The word "inkluż" derives from the French word "inclure" and the Latin word "includere", both meaning "to include".
Norwegiangjelder også
«gjelder også» er en nynorsk form av «også gjeldende» eller «også omfattet».
Portuguese (Portugal, Brazil)incluindo
The word "incluindo" can also mean "along with" or "jointly with" in Portuguese.
Scots Gaelicgabhail a-steach
"Gabhail a-steach" translates not only as "including" but also as "comprising" or "taking in".
The word "incluso" comes from the Latin word "inclusus," meaning "enclosed" or "shut in."
The word "inklusive" in Swedish can also mean "exclusive" or "disregarding" depending on context.
Welshgan gynnwys
Gan gynnwys, a compound word made up of gan + cynnwys, can mean either 'including' or 'containing', with the former meaning more common.

Including in Eastern European Languages

Belarusianу тым ліку
"У тым ліку" in Belarusian is derived from the word "лік" (count) and means "among the number".
The word "uključujući" can also mean "enclosing" or "incorporating" in Bosnian.
The word "включително" can also be used to mean "in general" or "on the whole".
Czechpočítaje v to
The Czech word "počítaje v to" (including) is derived from the verb "počítat" (to count) and the preposition "v" (in).
Estoniankaasa arvatud
The phrase "kaasa arvatud" literally means "included together," and it can also mean "not excluding."
Finnishmukaan lukien
In Finnish, "mukaan lukien" has another meaning: "at the rate of".
In Hungarian, "beleértve/beleértve" can also mean "understanding" or "comprehending" and its etymological origins are "bele" (in), "ért" (understand), "ve" (and).
"Ieskaitot" can also mean "take into account", "consider".
The word "įskaitant" in Lithuanian can also mean "taking into account" or "considering"
Macedonianвклучително и
"Вклучително и" is the Macedonian translation of the English word "including", and it can also be used in a more general sense to mean "and others like them" or "plus others".
Polishwłącznie z
The word "włącznie z" can also mean "inclusive of" or "together with".
In Romanian, "inclusiv" has the same meaning as in English, but it can also be used to indicate that something is included in a price or package.
Включая also means to insert something or someone into something else.
The word "укључујући" can also mean "turning on" or "switching on" in Serbian.
Slovakpočítajúc do toho
The Slovak word "počítajúc do toho" can also be translated as "taking into account" or "considering".
Vključno shares the same etymology as the English word "conclude" and originally meant "to lock together or enclose".
Ukrainianв тому числі
The Ukrainian word "в тому числі" (including) can also mean "among other things" or "for example".

Including in South Asian Languages

Derived from Sanskrit 'saha' which means 'with' or 'together'
The word "સહિત" also means "with" or "along with" and is derived from the Sanskrit word "सहि" (Sahi), meaning "to bear" or "to endure."
समेत शब्द संस्कृत के 'सम' उपसर्ग और 'यत' प्रत्यय से बना है, जिसका मूल अर्थ है 'साथ'।
ಸೇರಿದಂತೆ (sēri-dante) is the Kannada word cognate to the Sanskrit word 'sa-hita' (स-हित), both meaning 'with'. It is also used in the sense of 'along with' or 'in addition to'.
The word "ഉൾപ്പെടെ" can also mean "involving" or "concerned with".
"यासह" is a variation of the root word "याचा", which originally meant "of him". Hence, "यासह" originally meant "with him", but has evolved to mean "including".
"सहित" in Nepali also means "the state of being accompanied," "conjunction," "union," and "connection."
ਸਮੇਤ is derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *(s)em- “one, together,” also found in the Latin word simul “at the same time”
Sinhala (Sinhalese)ඇතුළුව
The word ඇතුළුව was originally used to describe the act of hiding something, but over time it came to be used more broadly to mean "including".
The word 'உட்பட' can also mean 'involved' or 'included in'.
The word "సహా" also means "along with", "with", or "in addition to".
The Urdu word "سمیت" (including) can also mean "with", "along with", or "together with".

Including in East Asian Languages

Chinese (Simplified)包含
包含 (bāohàn) is also used to mean "contain" or "embrace".
Chinese (Traditional)包含
包含 is a verb meaning "to include", but can also mean "to contain" or "to hold".
Originally a verb meaning "to hold in the mouth", 含む can now take objects like sentences and concepts.
포함 comes from the Chinese word 包含, which also means "to contain" or "to embrace".
The word "үүнд" also means "hereby" or "in this case".
Myanmar (Burmese)အပါအဝင်

Including in South East Asian Languages

The word 'termasuk' comes from the Malay word 'termasuk', which means 'to include' or 'to be included'.
The word "kalebu" in Javanese can also mean "to count" or "to include".
The word "រួមទាំង" can also be used to mean "together with" or "in addition to."
In Malay, "termasuk" also has a meaning of "except". In this sense, it is often used as a polite way of excluding something.
ได้แก่ can also mean the subject of a sentence in Thai, e.g. ได้แก่เรื่องการเรียน (literally “including studies”, actually “regarding studies”).
Vietnamesekể cả
Kể cả, with a different tone, can also mean 'to count' or 'to narrate'.
Filipino (Tagalog)kasama ang

Including in Central Asian Languages

Azerbaijanidaxil olmaqla
The Azerbaijani word
Kazakhоның ішінде
Derived from Proto-Turkic "iči", meaning "inside, among, within".
Kyrgyzанын ичинде
In Kyrgyz, the word "анын ичинде" can also mean "in the middle of, within" or "in the midst of, in the thick of."
Tajikаз ҷумла
The compound word "аз ҷумла" in Tajik may be used to emphasize one thing from a few of the same kind.
Turkmengoşmak bilen
Uzbekshu jumladan
Shu jumladan (including) translates to “among them,” “among these,” “including,” “including these,” “including these items,” “including such,” “including the,” or “including these items; including this one.”

Including in Pacific Languages

Hawaiiane komo pū ana
The Hawaiian phrase "e komo pū ana" literally translates to "to move together," which captures the idea of combining or including.
Maoritae atu ki
The literal meaning of tae atu ki translates to 'reaching the side' or 'going to the limit,' suggesting the idea of reaching a comprehensive point.
Samoanaofia ai
The word 'aofia ai' shares etymology with 'fai' (to do) and 'aofia' (to be included in something).
Tagalog (Filipino)kasama na
'Kasama na' can also mean 'being with someone', or 'being part of a group'

Including in American Indigenous Languages


Including in International Languages

The Esperanto word "inkluzive" derives from the Latin word "includere."
The word 'comprehendo' in Latin also means 'seize, grasp, apprehend'

Including in Others Languages

In modern Greek, "συμπεριλαμβανομένου" can also mean "counting or taking into account".
Hmongsuav nrog
The word "suav nrog" is derived from the Proto-Hmong-Mien word *sraŋ2, which also means "together" or "with".
The Kurdish word "giştî" is derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *ǵʰéws-ti, meaning "to enjoy" or "to be pleased".
Turkishdahil olmak üzere
The verb "dahil etmek" derives from Arabic "dahala" meaning "to enter" and is cognate with "dāhil" meaning "internal"}
"Kubandakanya" means "including" but it literally means "to pick something up to carry with you."
"כולל" means not only "including" but also "specifically" in Yiddish,
Zulukufaka phakathi
"kufaka phakathi" comes from the verbs "faka" (put) and "phakathi" (middle), referring to the idea of adding something in the middle of a list or group.
Filipino (Tagalog)kasama ang
Kriode min
Kurdish (Sorani)بەلەخۆگرتن
Meiteilon (Manipuri)ꯃꯅꯨꯡ ꯆꯟꯅ
Odia (Oriya)ଅନ୍ତର୍ଭୁକ୍ତ କରି |
Tatarшул исәптән
Tsongaku katsa

Click on a letter to browse words starting with that letter